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Jefferson County Health Department
Tuberculosis
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What is TB?

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by the mycobacterium tuberculosis or the tubercule bacillus. It commonly involves the lungs, but can be spread to other areas of the body.

How do you get TB?

The most common mode of transmission is inhalation of infected droplets. This occurs when a person with active TB coughs, sneezes, sings, or talks and thousands of the droplets are spread out into the air.

How do you get tested for TB?

The TB skin test is simple. A small amount of tuberculin material is injected intradermally (just under the skin), usually on the forearm. The person returns 48 to 72 hours later for the test to be read.

Who is at risk?

Anyone can be at risk. Persons whose immune system is weakened or damaged are at high risk. This includes the elderly, diabetics, those who have received chemotherapy or radiation, intravenous drug users, alcoholics, those with chronic renal failure or malnutrition. Any person who has been in contact with an active TB case is high risk.

What is the treatment?

Treatment may vary from one medication to four or more. A person who has a positive skin test for TB, may only take Isoniazid and a vitamin for 6 - 12 months. A person with active TB might be on a course of four medications and may need them for 6 - 12 months.

Jefferson County Health Department's Tuberculosis Program

The Tuberculousis Program targets populations where an increased risk of TB occurs. Targeting is done through testing, follow-up, and surveillance of cases or suspected cases of tuberculosis.

Any resident of Jefferson County may receive tuberculin Mantoux skin testing, and in conjunction with their primary health care provider receive preventative or disease therapy and follow-up care.

Testing is offered to Jefferson County residents ONLY. We applogize for any inconvenience this may cause, but if you live outside of Jefferson County please contact your local health department of private physician to be tested.

Testing is offered on Monday's by appointment at a charge of $15.00. Please call JCHD at (618)244-7134 to schedule an appointment.

For more information on Tuberculosis, click on one of the links listed below.

American Lung Association

Center for Disease Control

New Jersey Medical School National Tuberculosis Center

Occupational Safety & Health Administration - U.S. Department of Labor

Tuberculosis.net