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Jefferson County Health Department
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BioTerrorism Update
Health Bulletins

Current Health Alerts & Information 

The following page contains health bulletins and alerts. Jefferson County Health Department will strive to provide health information, symptoms and current relevant informtion to inform the public.

Homeland Security:
Current National Security Level : Elevated (Yellow)
The world has changed since September 11, 2001. We remain a nation at risk to terrorist attacks and will remain at risk for the foreseeable future. At all Threat Conditions, we must remain vigilant, prepared, and ready to deter terrorist attacks.
The following Threat Conditions eack represent an increasing risk of terrorist attacks. Beneath each Threat Condition are some suggested Protective Measures, recognizing that the heads of Federal departments and agencies are responsible for developing and implementing appropriate agency-specific Protective Measure.
1. Low Condition (Green) - This condition is declared when there is a low risk of terrorist attacks.
2. Guarded Condition (Blue) - This condition is declared whn ther is a general risk or terrorist attacks.
3. Elevated Condition (Yellow) - An Elevated Condition is declared when there is a significant risk of terrorist attacks.
4. High Condition (Orange) - A Hight condition is declared when there is a high risk of terrorist attacks.
5. Severe Condition (Red) - A Servere Condition reflects a severe risk of terrorist attacks.
West Nile Virus (WNV):
While most mosquitoes are merely a nuisance, some can transmit serious diseases such as encephalitis, malaria, and most recently, the West Nile Virus in humans and horses, also heartwork disease in dogs. In an effort to prevent the potential for mosquito-borne diseases JCHD is seeking assistance from the residents of Jefferson County by helping eliminate the places where mosquitos may breed in their yards and by protecting themselves.
To eliminate Where mosquitoes breed:
  • Remove or empty water in old tires, tin cans, buckets, drums, bottles or other places wher mosquitoes might breed. Be sure to check clogged gutters and flat roofs that may have poor drainage. Make sure cisterns, cesspools, septic tanks, fire barrels, rain barrels and trash containers are covered tightly with a lid or 16 mesh screen.
  • Emply plastic wading pools at least once a week and store indoors when not in use. Unused swimming pools should be covered or drained during the mosquito season.
  • Change the water in bird baths and plant pots or drip trays at least once a week.
  • Store boats covered or upside down, or remove rainwater weekly.
  • Emply your pets water bowl daily.
  • Level the ground around your home so water can run off and not collect in low spots. Fill in holes that allow water accumulation.
  • Fill in tree rot holes and hollow stumps that collect water.
  • Keep weeds and tall grass cut short.
  • Use a flyswatter of houshold spray to kill mosquitoes or other insect that get into buildings.

To Protect themselves from mosquito bites, individuals should:

  • Avoid places and times when mosquitoes bite. Generally the peak biting periods occur just before and after sunset and again just before dawn. Tree-hole and Asian tiger mosquitoes, for example, feed during daylight hours in or near shaded or wooded areas.
  • Be sure door and window screens are tight-fitting and in good repair.
  • Wear protective clothing. Long-sleeved tops and long pants made of tightly woven materials. Be sure your clothing is light colored. Keep trouser legs tucked into boots and socks.
  • Use mosquito netting when sleeping outdoors or in an unscreened structure and to protect small babies at all times.
  • Check to see that your mosquito repelland contains DEET, a chemical commonly found in these products. Generally, repellants with about 30% DEET work best for adults; use lowre concentrations for children (you can find recommendations at ). When outdoors, apply repellant sparingly to exposed skin or clothing, as indicated on the products lable.

(Excerpt for Illinois Department of Public Health's Health Beat publication)

If you have any questions regarding mosquitoes and/or the control of mosquitoes please contact the Jefferson County Health Department at 244-7134.